Saint Kitts and Nevis Population: 51,134

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 History
Carib Indians occupied the islands of the West Indies for hundreds of years before the British began settlement in 1623. In 1967, the island territory of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla became an associated state of the UK with full internal autonomy. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. The remaining islands achieved independence in 1983 as Saint Kitts and Nevis. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Nevis continues in its efforts to separate from Saint Kitts.

 Geography
With coastlines in the shape of a baseball bat and ball, the two volcanic islands are separated by a 3-km-wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits in the center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister island
Location: Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates: 17 20 N, 62 45 W
Area: total: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq km; Nevis 93 sq km)
land: 261 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: one and a half times the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 135 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climate: tropical, tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Terrain: volcanic with mountainous interiors
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m
Natural resources: arable land
Land use: arable land: 19.23%
permanent crops: 0.38%
other: 80.38% (2011)
Irrigated land: 0.18 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards: hurricanes (July to October)
Current Environment Issues: NA
International Environment Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
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 People
Nationality: noun: Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s)
adjective: Kittitian, Nevisian
Ethnic groups: predominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
Languages: English (official)
Religions: Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic
Population: 51,134 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 21.9% (male 5,596/female 5,589)
15-24 years: 15.6% (male 3,940/female 4,042)
25-54 years: 45.2% (male 11,782/female 11,353)
55-64 years: 9.5% (male 2,464/female 2,401)
65 years and over: 7.8% (male 1,771/female 2,196) (2013 est.)
Median age: total: 33 years
male: 33.1 years
female: 32.9 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.8% (2013 est.)
Birth rate: 13.79 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate: 7.06 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate: 1.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 32% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: BASSETERRE (capital) 13,000 (2009)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 9.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.07 years
male: 72.67 years
female: 77.5 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.78 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Health expenditures: 6.7% of GDP (2010)
Physicians density: 1.1 physicians/1,000 population (2000)
Hospital bed density: 4.8 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Drinking water source: improved:
urban: 99% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99% of population

unimproved:
urban: 1% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 1% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility access: improved:
urban: 96% of population
rural: 96% of population
total: 96% of population

unimproved:
urban: 4% of population
rural: 4% of population
total: 4% of population (2010 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate: 40.7% (2008)
Education expenditures: 4.2% of GDP (2007)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 97.8%
male: NA
female: NA (2003 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2008)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
conventional short form: Saint Kitts and Nevis former: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
Government type: parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
Capital: name: Basseterre
geographic coordinates: 17 18 N, 62 43 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: 14 parishes; Christ Church Nichola Town, Saint Anne Sandy Point, Saint George Basseterre, Saint George Gingerland, Saint James Windward, Saint John Capesterre, Saint John Figtree, Saint Mary Cayon, Saint Paul Capesterre, Saint Paul Charlestown, Saint Peter Basseterre, Saint Thomas Lowland, Saint Thomas Middle Island, Trinity Palmetto Point
Independence: 19 September 1983 (from the UK)
National holiday: Independence Day, 19 September (1983)
Constitution: 19 September 1983
Legal system: English common law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Edmund LAWRENCE (since 2 January 2013)

head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS (since 6 July 1995); Deputy Prime Minister Sam CONDOR (since 6 July 1995)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general in consultation with the prime minister (For more information visit the World Leaders website )

elections: the monarchy is hereditary; the governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (14 seats, 3 appointed and 11 popularly elected from single-member constituencies; members serve five-year terms)

elections: last held on 25 January 2010 (next to be held by 2015)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - SKNLP 6, CCM 2, PAM 2, NRP 1
Judicial branch: highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States which includes Saint Kitts and Nevis; the ECSC - with its headquarters on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the member states; 2 High Court judges reside on Saint Kitts and Nevis note - the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court in 2003 replaced the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London) as the final court of appeal on Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Kitts and Nevis is also a member of the Caribbean Court of Justice judge selection and term of office: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court chief justice appointed by Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62

subordinate courts: magistrates' courts
Political parties and leaders: Concerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Vance AMORY] Nevis Reformation Party or NRP [Joseph PARRY] People's Action Movement or PAM [Shawn RICHARDS] Saint Kitts and Nevis Labor Party or SKNLP [Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS]
International organization participation: ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
National symbol(s): brown pelican
National anthem: name: "Oh Land of Beauty!"
lyrics/music: Kenrick Anderson GEORGES

note: adopted 1983
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Jacinth HENRY-MARTIN
chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
telephone: [1] (202) 686-2636
FAX: [1] (202) 686-5740
consulate(s) general: Los Angeles, New York
Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in Saint Kitts and Nevis; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Kitts and Nevis
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 Economy
The economy of Saint Kitts and Nevis depends on tourism; since the 1970s tourism has replaced sugar as the traditional mainstay of the economy. Following the 2005 harvest, the government closed the sugar industry, after several decades of losses. To compensate for lost jobs, the government has embarked on a program to diversify the agricultural sector and to stimulate other sectors of the economy, such as export-oriented manufacturing and offshore banking. Roughly 200,000 tourists visited the islands in 2009, but reduced tourism arrivals and foreign investment led to an economic contraction in 2009-2012, and the economy has not yet returned to growth. Like other tourist destinations in the Caribbean, St. Kitts and Nevis is vulnerable to damage from natural disasters and shifts in tourism demand. Furthermore, the government is constrained by one of the world's highest public debt burdens - equivalent to roughly 140% of GDP in 2012 - largely attributable to public enterprise losses.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $946.3 million (2012 est.) $955 million (2011 est.) $972.1 million (2010 est.)

note: data are in 2012 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $734 million (2012 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: -0.9% (2012 est.) -1.9% (2011 est.) 0% (2010 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $16,500 (2012 est.) $17,000 (2011 est.) $17,700 (2010 est.)

note: data are in 2012 US dollars
GDP - composition, by end use: household consumption: 59.6%
government consumption: 12.1%
investment in fixed capital: 35.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 38.7%
imports of goods and services: -45.7% (2012 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin: household consumption: 59.6%
government consumption: 12.1%
investment in fixed capital: 35.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 38.7%
imports of goods and services: -45.7% (2012 est.)
Agriculture - products: sugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fish
Industries: tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Labor force: 18,170 (June 1995)
Unemployment rate: 4.5% (1997)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $185.2 million
expenditures: $222.2 million (2012 est.)
Taxes and other revenues: 25.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
Public debt: 144% of GDP (2012 est.) 154% of GDP (2011 est.)
Fiscal year: calendar year
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2% (2012 est.) 5.9% (2011 est.)
Current account balance: -$133.8 million (2012 est.)
Exports: $57 million (2012 est.) $54.58 million (2011 est.)
Exports - commodities: machinery, food, electronics, beverages, tobacco
Exports - partners: US 55.3%, Canada 9.6%, Bangladesh 6.2% (2012)
Imports: $339.6 million (2012 est.) $218.3 million (2011 est.)
Imports - commodities: machinery, manufactures, food, fuels
Imports - partners: Algeria 59.9%, US 12%, Trinidad and Tobago 8.3% (2012)
Debt - external: $189.4 million (31 December 2012 est.) $199.1 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Market value of publicly traded shares: $598.4 million (31 December 2011) $623.9 million (31 December 2010) $648 million (31 December 2009)
Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2012 est.) 2.7 (2011 est.) 2.7 (2010 est.) 2.7 (2009)
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 Energy
Electricity - production: 135 million kWh (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 186
Electricity - consumption: 125.6 million kWh (2009 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity: 22,000 kW (2009 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels: 100% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources: 0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)
Crude oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Crude oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - imports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)
Refined petroleum products - production: 0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: 1,496 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 1,699 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 303,500 Mt (2010 est.)
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 Communications
Telephones in use: 20,600 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 188
Cellular Phones in use: 84,600 (2010)
Telephone system: general assessment: good interisland and international connections

domestic: interisland links via Eastern Caribbean Fiber Optic cable; construction of enhanced wireless infrastructure launched in November 2004; fixed-line teledensity about 40 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity is roughly 170 per 100 persons

international: country code - 1-869; connected internationally by the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) and Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables (2010)
Broadcast media: the government operates a national TV network that broadcasts on 2 channels; cable subscription services provide access to local and international channels; the government operates a national radio network; a mix of government-owned and privately owned broadcasters operate roughly 15 radio stations (2007)
Internet country code: .kn
Internet hosts: 54 (2012)
Internet users: 17,000 (2009)
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 Transportation
Airports: 2 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 204
Airports (paved runways): total 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2013)
Railways: total 50 km

narrow gauge: 50 km 0.762-m gauge on Saint Kitts for tourists (2008)
Roadways: total 383 km
paved: 163 km
unpaved: 220 km (2002)
Merchant marine: total 152

by type: bulk carrier 16, cargo 81, chemical tanker 4, combination ore/oil 1, container 2, liquefied gas 3, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 7, petroleum tanker 27, refrigerated cargo 4, roll on/roll off 4, specialized tanker 1

foreign-owned: 73 (Belgium 1, China 1, Egypt 1, Greece 2, India 2, Japan 2, Malaysia 1, Norway 3, Pakistan 1, Russia 13, Singapore 10, Turkey 18, UAE 8, UK 1, Ukraine 8, US 1) (2010)
Ports and terminals: Basseterre, Charlestown
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 Military
Military branches: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, National Security, Labour, Immigration, and Social Security: Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Defense Force (includes Coast Guard), Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Police Force (2013)
Military service age and obligation: 18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2012)
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 13,506
females age 16-49: 13,089 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 10,742
females age 16-49: 10,923 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: male: 380
female: 422 (2010 est.)
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 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which permits Venezuela to extend its Economic Exclusion Zone/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; some money-laundering activity
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